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Smart City: energy challenges facing sustainable cities

January 2019

By 2025, with this rate reaching 80% in developed countries. Urbanization poses with this rate reaching 80% in developed countries.
  
Urbanization poses considerable challenges, including overpopulation, climate change, environmental quality and access to energy.
  
Urban planning must reassess how to sustainably supply the population with basic services at an affordable cost.
  
Urban areas represent 10% of the earth’s landmass, a proportion which continues to rise.
  
Major metropolitan areas consume approximately 65% of available primary energy and count for around 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, mainly to supply energy for lighting, heating, cooling and transport.
  
An additional challenge awaits urban areas: according to a recent WHO report, 92% of urban populations lack clean air to breathe.
  
The cities of tomorrow must be configured to meet these two major challenges, climate change and worsening air quality.

>> Read the Panorama technical report


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