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Applied Mechanics

Wind turbines have the wind in their sails, thanks to GPUs

IFPEN has been carrying out research in the field of floating wind turbines for a number of years, developing, for this purpose, the DeepLines Wind™ simulation tool, in partnership with Principia(1).
     

DeepLines Wind™

The software enables the coupled calculation of hydrodynamic loads on the floating support and its mooring systems as well as the aerodynamic stresses exerted on the blades. The latter are estimated via the Wind module, recently developed by IFPEN and added to the initial DeepLines software.

The majority of aerodynamic dimensioning methods for wind turbines use analytical approaches based on the Blade Element Momentuma method. To validate these approaches, a vortex-type Lagrangian method was developed(2).

For this, it is necessary to solve a system of equations (N-body problemb), which mobilizes virtually all of the global calculation time. To reduce it, the “critical” part of the calculation was transferred to the GPUs (Graphical Processing Units) using the specific CUDAc language. This substantially reduced calculation times — one or two-fold — thereby rendering the code operational on a daily basis.

To pursue this optimization avenue, Fast Multipole Method-type solutions may deliver additional calculation costs savings (one-fold reduction).

 

a- Method based on the actuator disk law and a “blade element” approach enabling the load forces of wind turbine blades to be calculated.
  
b- Problem consisting in solving the interactions between N-bodies interacting according to a physical law.
  
c- Compute Unified Device Architecture.

 

Scientific contact:   frederic.blondel@ifpen.fr

Published in Science@ifpen n°33 - June 2018

Publications

  1. Cédric Le Cunff, Jean-Michel Heurtier, Loïc Piriou, Christian Berhault, Timothée Perdrizet, David Teixeira, Gilles Ferrer and Jean-Christophe Gilloteaux, Fully Coupled Floating Wind Turbine Simulator Based on Nonlinear Finite Element Method: Part I — Methodology, ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy
    Nantes, France, June 9–14, 2013
    >> Doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-1078
       
  2. Timothée Perdrizet, Jean-Christophe Gilloteaux, David Teixeira, Gilles Ferrer, Loïc Piriou, Delphine Cadiou, Jean-Michel Heurtier and Cédric Le Cunff, Fully Coupled Floating Wind Turbine Simulator Based on Nonlinear Finite Element Method: Part II — Validation Results, ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy
    Nantes, France, June 9–14, 2013
    >> Doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-10785
        
  3. Frédéric Blondel, Gilles Ferrer, Marie Cathelain and David Teixeira, Improving a BEM Yaw Model Based on NewMexico Experimental Data and Vortex/CFD Simulations, 23e Congrès Français de Mécanique
    Lille, August 28-September 1st, 2017
    >> Download the .pdf file

  


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